PP and PSOE: Elections in Spain

On the 20th of November 2011, the elections were held. It was a legislative election for the Cortes Generales in Spain. It was helf for 350 seats in the Congress of Deputies, which determined who had become the Prime Minister of Spain. The prime minister before, named José Luis Rodríquez Zapatero announced that he did not run for a third term in this election. The elections were also held for the 208 directly elected Seats in the Senate.

The people that could be elected as being the new Prime Minister were Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba from the PSOE, and Mariano Rajoy from the PP. PSOE stands for: Partido Socialista Obrero Español , so it is the Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party which is a social-democratic party with a political position of centre-left. PP stands for Partido Popular, which is a People’s Party, a liberal conservative party. In Spain are more than 50 registered national parties, but from notable parties there are about eight. The PP and PSOE have won in Spanish national elections since 1982. Partido Popular is a Christian-Conservative party who is in favour of Spanish unity so by this means against greater autonomy of the Basque country and Catalonia.
The elections of 20 November 2011 was won by the conservative party Partido Popular, with a great majority. The upcoming prime minister will be Mariano Rajoy. The Partido Popular won with an amount of seats between 181 and 185. The PSOE had only 115 to 119 seats. The third place was won by the CiU, which is the party of the Catalan nationalists. They had 13 to 15 seats. If this is compared to the last parliamentarian elections in 2008, the PSOE had 169 seats while the Partido Popular had 154 seats. Rajoy had promised to diminish the tax for the business world and to lower the unemployment rate. It’s high likely that Rajoy will drastically cut in different sectors in Spain which causes the fact that Spain will have to endure the economical cuttings before the economy will recover.
The PP was in the government from 1996 to 2004, under Prime Minister José María Aznar, who is the grandson of Manuel Aznar Zubigaray, a Basque nationalist and supporter of Franco. When the PP had an absolute majority, she arranged that the government subsidizes an association that wants to memorize General Franco. In 2004, Mariano Rajoy was the new ‘face’ of Partido Popular and the candidate for prime minister. In the polls it appeared that Rajoy was going to win the elections for prime minister but then the bombings in Atocha, Madrid occurred on March 11, which resulted in a total change of the polls. The Partido Popular immediately blamed the ETA for the attack, because then the PP would have more chances of being re-elected. They stand for Spanish unity, so against Basque country where the ETA comes from. Another suspect of the attack was Al Qaeda, but for the PP it would be very inconvenient if Al Qaeda were to blame for the attack because the PP government took Spain into the Iraq War. And so Aznar lost the elections  as a result of the handling and representation of the terrorist attacks instead of the bombings per se. José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero (PSOE) won the elections.